Regional and Statewide Plans
Plans and Policies That Implement Statewide Priorities and Are Consistent with Coastal Conservancy Objectives
The following identifies and provides details about statewide plans and policies that are consistent with the Conservancy’s mission and strategic plan objectives. This listing is not intended to be exhaustive: There may be other existing statewide plans or policies that are consistent with the Conservancy’s mission and objectives, and new statewide plans and policies undoubtedly will be adopted that will also be consistent.
State Policy Plans
- Strategic Plan to Protect California’s Coast and Ocean (2020-2025) provides a roadmap for this continued progress towards protecting the coast and ocean. It envisions all California communities enjoying thriving ecosystems, clean water, healthy food, secure infrastructure, ready public access to the coast and ocean, and an inclusive blue economy that advances ecosystem health, offers meaningful work, and reverses past injustices.
- California @ 50 Million: The Environmental Goals and Policy Report (2013 Draft): This report contains a 20- to 30-year overview of projected growth in the state, along with goals and objectives for land use, population growth and distribution, development, natural resources, conservation, and air and water quality.
Governor’s Executive Orders
- Executive Order N-82-20 called for restoring nature and landscape health to deliver on our climate change goals and other critical priorities, including improving public health and safety, securing our food and water supplies, and achieving greater equity across California.
- Executive Order S-13-08 directed all state agencies planning construction projects in areas vulnerable to future sea level rise to plan and consider a range of sea level rise scenarios for the years 2050 and 2100 in order to assess project vulnerability and, to the extent feasible, reduce expected risks and increase resiliency to sea level rise. In June 2009 the Conservancy adopted a climate change policy and project selection criterion consistent with this directive. The Conservancy amended this criterion in November 2011 to incorporate findings from the National Academy of Sciences.
- Executive Order W-59-93 established the California Wetlands Conservation Policy, which addresses approaches to the conservation of wetlands and sets the goal of achieving a long-term increase of wetlands acreage, functions, and values in California.
State Climate Adaptation Plans
- State Agency Sea-Level Rise Action Plan (2022) a first-of-its-kind, highly coordinated effort to outline a roadmap toward coastal resiliency for the state of California. Developed through intense collaboration from the 17 state agencies that make up the State Sea-Level Rise Leadership Team, the Plan is a living document that fosters accountability and collaboration for planning and implementing sea-level rise (SLR) action over the next five years.
- California Climate Adaptation Strategy (2021) California’s Climate Adaptation Strategy outlines the state’s key climate resilience priorities, includes specific and measurable actions, and serves as a framework for collective efforts across sectors and regions in California.
- Natural and Working Lands Climate Smart Strategy (April 2022) The Strategy also identifies priorities for areas of near-term state focus to increase climate action on California’s natural and working lands:
- Accelerate on-the-ground projects that deliver climate benefits through nature-based solutions across California’s diverse landscapes that state agencies and partners can learn from and that can be scaled-up over time.
- Invest in science to improve our understanding of implementation pathways here in California and to help scale nature-based climate solutions around the world.
- Prioritize equity to drive solutions that help those residents and communities hit first and worst by climate change impacts, including through targeted funding, workforce development, capacity building, and support for tribally-led nature-based solutions
- Scale investment to support climate action in the natural working lands sector, including through public-private partnerships, demonstration projects, and leveraging federal funds.
- Build capacity of implementation partners through approaches including technical assistance and focused support, grant funding opportunities, and partnering with California Native American tribes.
- Improve internal coordination among state agencies to align and leverage funding, authorities, and programs to accelerate implementation of nature-based solutions.
- Strengthen collective action by advancing new and innovative partnerships with non-state government groups and leaders and through organizing annual updates and periodic convenings on implementation.
- Safeguarding California: Reducing Climate Risk Plan (July 2014). The Safeguarding California Plan provides policy guidance for state decision makers and is part of continuing efforts to reduce impacts and prepare for climate risks. The report highlights climate risks in nine social, economic, governmental, and environmental sectors and makes sector-specific recommendations. In 2016, the report was followed by Safeguarding California: Implementation Action Plans, which presents implementation plans that represent a master blueprint for executing actions recommended in the 2014 report.
California State Water Plans
- California Water Action Plan. The California Natural Resources Agency, the California Environmental Protection Agency, and the California Department of Food and Agriculture developed this Water Action Plan to meet three broad objectives: more reliable water supplies, the restoration of species and habitat, and a more resilient, sustainably manager water resources system. It lays out the state’s challenges, goals, and actions needed to put California’s water resources on a safer, more sustainable path. The plan identifies ten overarching strategies to protect our resources, include the following seven that the Conservancy can help implement:
- Make conservation a California way of life (expand agricultural and urban water conservation and efficiency).
- Increase regional self-reliance and integrated water management across all levels of government (fund regionally driven, multi-benefit projects that prioritize protection of public health, assist disadvantaged communities, increase regional self-reliance, and result in integrated, multi-benefit solutions that ensure sustainable water resources).
- Achieve the co-equal goals for the Delta (restore Delta Aquatic and Intertidal Habitat in priority areas listed in the Delta Plan, including the Suisun Marsh and western Delta/eastern Contra Costa County).
- Protect and restore important ecosystems (restore coastal watersheds and strategic coastal estuaries to restore ecological health and nature system connectivity to benefit local water systems and help defend against sea level rise, eliminate barriers to fish migration).
- Manage and prepare for dry periods (small-scale tanks or impoundments to reduce extraction from streams during low flows).
- Expand water storage capacity and improve groundwater management (increase groundwater recharge).
- Increase flood protection (encourage flood projects that plan for climate change and achieve multiple benefits).
State Species and Habitat Protection Plans
- Pathways to 30×30: Accelerating Conservation of California’s Nature (2022) This strategy sets California on the path to successfully implement our goal of conserving 30 percent of our lands and coastal waters by 2030 (30×30). This strategy:
- Describes the key objectives and core commitments that are a part of California’s 30×30 conservation framework.
- Defines conservation for the purpose of California’s 30×30 initiative and establishes a current baseline of conserved areas.
- Outlines strategic actions necessary to achieve our 30×30 target.
- Introduces CA Nature, a suite of publicly available applications to identify conservation opportunities and track our collective progress.
- State Wildlife Action Plan (2015 update). The State Wildlife Action Plan 2015 presents a vision for fish and wildlife conservation, identifies species of greatest conservation need, and recommends actions that are implementable, measurable, and time-bound. It describes conservation strategies to maintain and increase ecosystem and native species distributions and abundance and to maintain and improve ecological conditions and ecosystem functions and processes. The Conservancy implements conservation strategies within several geographic conservation units that SWAP 2015 groups within four provinces: North Coast and Klamath, Bay Delta and Central Coast, South Coast, and Marine. The Conservancy also implements strategies for anadromous fish that were developed at a statewide scale. Categories of strategies, as described in Section 4.2, that the Conservancy implements are:
- Data Collection and Analysis
- Partner Engagement
- Management Planning
- Direct Management
- Economic Incentives
- Environmental Review
- Land Acquisition, Easement, and Lease
- Land Use Planning
- Outreach and Education
- Training and Technical Assistance
- California Aquatic Invasive Species Management Plan (2008). This California DFW plan proposes 163 actions to address the environmental and economic threats caused by aquatic species in California. The Conservancy supports invasive species control actions when the invasive is a serious threat to coastal resources. The Conservancy coordinates with state and federal fish and wildlife agencies and supports recommendations in the report related to eradication and control efforts, as well as actions pertaining to protection of native species (Page XV).
- California Essential Habitat Connectivity Strategy for Conserving a Connected California (2010). This Plan was produced by California Department of Transportation and California Department of Fish and Wildlife in collaboration with many other agencies, including the Coastal Conservancy, as well as non-governmental organizations. The plan and associated map identifies 850 natural landscape blocks and 192 essential connectivity areas. It focuses attention on large areas important to maintaining ecological integrity at the broadest scale, and recommends regional and local analysis to refine the linkages map and to identify additional areas important to sustaining ecological connectivity.
State and Federal Species Recovery Plans
- Central California Coast Coho Salmon Recovery Plan. NOAA Fisheries published this collaboratively developed plan in September 2012. Based on the biological needs of the fish, it provides the foundation for restoring the populations to healthy levels.
- Southern Oregon Northern California Coast Coho Salmon Recovery Plan (2014)). The plan was released in September 2014 with the goal to restore the region’s coho salmon to healthy, self-sustaining numbers so that the protections of the Endangered Species Act are no longer necessary.
- South-Central/Southern California Coast Steelhead Recovery Plan. NOAA Fisheries adopted a collaboratively developed recovery plan for Southern California Coast steelhead in 2012 and a recovery plan for South-Central California Coast steelhead in 2013.
- Steelhead Restoration and Management Plan for California Department of Fish and Game (February 1996). This plan focuses on restoration of native and naturally produced (wild) stocks because these stocks have the greatest value for maintaining genetic and biological diversity. Goals for steelhead restoration and management are:
- Increase natural production as mandated by The Salmon, Steelhead Trout, and Anadromous Fisheries Program Act of 1988, so that steelhead populations are self-sustaining and maintained in good condition; and
- Enhance angling opportunities and non-consumptive uses.
- Recovery Strategy for California Coho Salmon. Department of Fish and Game. Report to the California Fish and Game Commission (February 2004). The CDFG collaboratively developed the Recovery Strategy for California Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) as a guide for the process of recovering coho salmon on the north and central coasts of California.
- Recovery Plan for Tidal Marsh Ecosystems of Northern and Central California. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service released this plan in 2013. It is focused on federally listed species that depend on tidal marshes in San Francisco Bay and tidal marshes along the Northern and Central California coast.
- Recovery Plan for the Southern Sea Otter. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife revised this recovery plan in 2003 for the endangered southern (California) sea otter. Key objectives address range expansion, response to oil spills, contaminants, and threats from fishing debris.
- Recovery Plan for California Red Legged Frog. This 2002 recovery plan by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service identifies seven priority actions for recovery, which include: protect known populations and reestablish populations, and protect suitable habitat, corridors, and core areas.
- Recovery Plan for the Tidewater Goby. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service released this plan in 2005. Its primary objective is to manage the threats to and improve the population status of the tidewater goby sufficient to warrant reclassification (from endangered to threatened status) or delisting.
State Supported, Collaboratively Developed Eco-Regional and Watershed Plans
- Wetlands on the Edge, The Future of Southern California’s Wetlands, Regional Strategy 2018 The Regional Strategy 2018 will guide wetland restoration for the WRP over the next few decades using scientifically-based, quantitative objectives that will improve wetland resilience to climate change and other stressors. These objectives will help guide all levels of stakeholders in the wetlands community from resource agencies to funders to restoration practitioners in designing projects, reviewing project proposals, and making funding decisions.
- NCCPs/HCPs: As of June 2013, there were 45 regional conservation plans. Habitat Conservation Plans integrate land-use activities and conservation goals to reduce conflicts between listed species and economic development, and are required for incidental take permits. Natural Community Conservation Plans are broader in their orientation and objectives than the California and Federal Endangered Species Acts, which focus on individual species rather than natural communities. The Conservancy may support implementation actions called in the plans located within its jurisdiction.
- Pacific Coast Joint Venture Northern California Component Strategic Plan Update 2004. The Pacific Coast Joint Venture facilitates and coordinates public and private partners in accomplishing activities that support the goals for the North American Waterfowl Management Plan along the Pacific Flyway, and includes member organizations from Alaska, Canada, Washington, Oregon, Hawaii and Northern California. The Northern California Component of the Strategic Plan provides recommended conservation actions for important bird habitat in Mendocino, Humboldt and Del Norte counties.
- San Francisco Estuary Watersheds Evaluation, by the Center for Ecosystem Management and Restoration (2007). This report, funded by the Coastal Conservancy, assembles for the first time all readily available information regarding steelhead habitat in tributaries of the San Francisco Estuary. Watersheds are screened for “anchor watershed” status, indicating their relative importance in restoring the regional steelhead population.
- San Francisco Estuary Project Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan (approved by the Governor and U.S. EPA Administrator in 1993, updated in 2007, a new update scheduled for 2016). Representatives from state and federal agencies and private and community groups in the twelve-county Bay Delta region came together and through a consensus-based process developed this plan, a blueprint for restoring and maintaining the estuary through corrective actions in nine program areas. It seeks to achieve high standards of water quality, including restoration and maintenance of a balanced indigenous population of fish and wildlife, and to support recreational activities. The Conservancy assists in implementing five of the nice program areas, including aquatic resources, wildlife, wetlands management, and watershed management.
- San Francisco Bay Subtidal Habitat Goals 50 Year Conservation Plan (2010). The purpose of this plan is to achieve a net improvement of the subtidal ecosystem in the San Francisco Bay through science-based protection and habitat restoration. Led by state and federal agencies, more than 75 scientists and others contributed to the development of science, protection, and restoration goals for six subtidal habitats including soft substrate, rock, artificial structures, shellfish beds, submerged aquatic vegetation, and macro-algal beds. The Conservancy is assisting with implementing many of the goals including sea grass and oyster restoration, and removal of creosote pilings.
- San Francisco Baylands Ecosystem Habitat Goals Report (1999) and
Baylands Ecosystem Habitat Goals Technical Update (2014). These reports were each prepared by a large consortium of public agencies and scientists and resulted in specific goals for acreages and habitat types for baylands around the San Francisco Bay. The Conservancy has been a major implementer of the goals through its support and leadership in wetland restoration projects including the Napa Salt Marsh, Hamilton, and the South Bay Salt Ponds. The technical update contains a set of far-reaching management recommendations for Bay Area shorelines to restore and maintain these vital ecosystems in the face of climate change, including their role in building resilience to sea level rise.
- San Francisco Bay Area Upland Habitat Goals Project and Conservation Lands Network (2011). The Upland Goals Project is a project of the Bay Area Open Space Council funded in part by the Coastal Conservancy. It is a collaboratively developed science-based landscape-level conservation plan for the nine-county Bay Area region. Multiple factors, including conservation targets, goals, land use, adjacency to protected lands, and the ecological integrity of the landscape were assessed to identify “essential” and “important” areas. These are depicted on a web-based map, the Conservation Lands Network, that can be used by agencies and organizations to prioritize conservation activities within the region. Climate change impacts to the habitat goals has been a major focus of the Terrestrial Biodiversity and Climate Change Collaborative (TBC3), a group of university, nonprofit and governmental researchers in the San Francisco Bay Area that conducts research, monitoring and outreach to enhance conservation and land management in the face of climate change. The Open Space Council has participated in the project since the beginning and is incorporating the results into the Conservation Lands Network Explorer.
- Critical Linkages: Bay Area and Beyond Project (2013). Led by Science and Collaboration for Connected Wildlands, with the participation of the Bay Area Open Space Council and others, this project complements the statewide essential connectivity plan by incorporating the habitat movement needs of over 60 species and animals for priority landscape linkages within the counties of the San Francisco Bay Area and San Benito, Monterey, Mendocino, and Lake. It identifies 14 landscape level connections that together with the Conservation Lands Network provide a comprehensive plan for such a regional network.
- Bay Area Integrated Regional Water Management Plan. Prepared initially in 2006 and updated in 2014 with assistance from the Conservancy in collaboration with the Department of Water Resources, this plan identifies major regional water resource needs and priorities for the nine-county San Francisco Bay Area region.
- Santa Cruz Integrated Watershed Restoration Program. Developed by the Santa Cruz County Resource Conservation District (RCD), Coastal Conservancy, California Department of Fish and Game (CDFG), Coastal Watershed Council, and the City and County of Santa Cruz as a voluntary framework in 2002, this program is heralded as a model for collaborative, integrated watershed conservation. Since IWRP’s inception, the RCD and its partners have been able to design, permit, and construct over 80 water quality improvement and habitat restoration projects throughout the County. The Conservancy has supported many of these projects, as well as expansion of the program into San Mateo and Monterey Counties.
- Southern California Wetlands Recovery Project (WRP). The WRP is a partnership of 18 State and federal agencies working in concert with local governments, conservation organizations, and the business community to acquire, restore, and improve coastal wetlands and natural areas from the Mexican border to Point Conception. It is chaired by the Natural Resources Agency and staffed by the Coastal Conservancy.
- South Coast Missing Linkages (2008 and ongoing). This project, led by Science and Collaboration for Connected Wildlands, addresses fragmentation at the landscape scale. It identifies and prioritizes linkages that conserve essential biological and ecological processes. The linkages project has served as a catalyst for protection of ecological connectivity for the south coast ecoregion. There have been 11 detailed and implementable linkage designs developed using focal-species based analysis. The Conservancy can support implementation of some of these designs.
California Coastal Sediment Management Master Plan
A multi-agency work group is engaged in an on-going collaborative effort to evaluate California’s coastal sediments management needs and to promote regional system-wide solutions. The master plan is being developed through a series of region-specific sediment master plans. The Conservancy has contributed to development and implementation of some of the regional plans.
Access and Recreation Plans
- Completing the California Coastal Trail. In 2003, the Coastal Conservancy prepared this strategic blueprint for the California Coastal Trail pursuant to Senate Bill 908 of 2001. The plan recommends ways for the Conservancy, Coastal Commission, State Parks, Caltrans and other state agencies to work together to facilitate completion of the trail. In addition, it identifies both policy and implementation priorities for completing the CCT. Many counties and regions have developed more specific plans for completing the CCT in their area including:
- Humboldt County Coastal Trail Implementation Strategy (2011)
- Strategic Plan for the Coastal Trail in Mendocino County (2010)
- Monterey Bay Sanctuary Scenic Trail Master Plan for Santa Cruz County (2013)
- Monterey Bay Sanctuary Scenic Trail Master Plan for Monterey County (2008)
- Northern San Luis Obispo Coastal Trail Master Plan (2012)
- San Francisco Bay Area Water Trail Plan and EIR. A plan for a network of launch and landing sites to allow people in human-powered boats or beachable sail craft to enjoy San Francisco Bay through single-day and multiple-day trips on the Bay, developed by the State Coastal Conservancy, Bay Conservation and Development Commission, Association of Bay Area Governments, and Division of Boating and Waterways. California Assembly Bill 1296 in 2005 established the San Francisco Bay Area Water Trail.
- San Francisco Bay Trail Plan. The plan for the Bay Trail proposes development of a regional hiking and bicycling trail around the perimeter of San Francisco and San Pablo Bays. The Plan was prepared by the Association of Bay Area Governments pursuant to Senate Bill 100 in 1987, which mandated that the Bay Trail:
- provide connections to existing park and recreation facilities,
- create links to existing and proposed transportation facilities, and
- be planned in such a way as to avoid adverse effects on environmentally sensitive areas.
- The Great California Delta Trail Plan. In 2006, Senate Bill 1556 (Torlakson) mandated that the Delta Protection Commission adopt a plan and implementation program for a continuous recreational corridor trail network through all five Delta counties, linking the San Francisco Bay Trail system to the planned Sacramento River trails in Yolo and Sacramento Counties, pending funding availability (Public Resources Code section 5854). The Plan for the Great California Delta Trail (Delta Trail) is to include routes for bicycling and hiking, with interconnections to other trails, park and recreational facilities, and public transportation. The plan is in progress, with the Western Region Blueprint (Solano and Contra Costa Counties) completed thanks to support from the Coastal Conservancy.
- 400 Miles and Beyond: A Strategic Plan for Completing the Bay Area Ridge Trail. This report released by the Bay Area Ridge Trail in 2006 lays out priorities for the completion of the 500-plus mile multi-use trail encircling the ridgetops of the San Francisco Bay Area.
State Agency and Multi-Agency Strategic Plans
In addition to the Coastal Conservancy strategic plan, many Conservancy-supported projects implement elements of other agencies’ strategic plans.
- California Coastal Commission
- San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission
- Ocean Protection Council
- San Francisco Estuary Partnership – This strategic plan identifies five goals and 33 objectives that are priorities for implementing the San Francisco Estuary Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan.
- Coastal Conservancy Awards Grants for Coastal Access, Restoration, and Climate Resilience2/15/2024 – Today, the Board of the State Coastal Conservancy authorized a number of grants to restore, protect, and expand access to the California coast. Grants approved included: A grant of an amount not to exceed $35,000,000 to The Nature Conservancy to complete permitting and implement the first phase of the Ormond Beach Restoration Public Access […] (Read more on Coastal Conservancy Awards...)
- Coastal Stories 2024 RFP now open!The Coastal Stories 2024 grant program is now open! This grant program aims to support inclusivity of outdoor spaces for all Californians. The primary goal of the Coastal Stories Grant Program is to promote the representation of Black, Indigenous, People of Color (BIPOC), individuals with disabilities, immigrant communities, low-income communities, and other historically excluded groups […] (Read more on Coastal Stories 2024...)
- Coastal Conservancy Public Meeting in Newport Beach – February 15Meeting Notice Updated 2/5/2024 1:49 PM, address correction. Douglas Bosco (Public Member), Chair Marce Gutiérrez-Graudiņš (Public Member), Vice Chair Joy Sterling (Public Member) Jeremiah Hallisey (Public Member) Wade Crowfoot, Secretary for Natural Resources; Bryan Cash and Jenn Eckerle (Designated) Caryl Hart, Coastal Commission Chair; Madeline Cavalieri (Designated) Keely Bosler, Director, Department of Finance; Gayle Miller […] (Read more on Coastal Conservancy Public...)